M*CH*MORE One Name Study
The data in the family trees have been obtained from a wide variety of sources. The family trees collate all relevant records for each individual, even when they refer to the same event.
For most vital statistics and population returns, the source is not specified in the family trees. These sources are described in more detail below. In other cases, the symbol is used to specify the source. Placing your cursor over the symbol will indicate the source, and (unless it was a personal communication) clicking on it will take you to the actual source data.
For all vital statistics, dates obtained from the International Genealogical Index are enclosed in square brackets and information contributed by individuals from their personal knowledge is indicated by . In the following cases, the data are available elsewhere on this site and no explicit indication of source is given.
Birth data (preceded by the letter "b" in the family trees) have mostly been obtained from civil records. For the UK, dates expressed in the form year.quarter (e.g., 1937.3) or monthyear (e.g., Jan1885) have been obtained from the Civil Registration Births Index and precise dates from the Civil Registration Deaths Index. Precise dates have sometimes been obtained from christening records or birth certificates or, for various Australian and North American states and provinces, civil registers.
Data on baptisms or christenings (preceded by the abbreviation "chr") have been obtained from church records. Data have been obtained from the International Genealogical Index or have been contributed by individuals who have had the opportunity to view copies or transcriptions of the original records. Information about the father's residence and occupation have often been obtained from these records.
Marriage data (indicated by "m") have been obtained from both church and civil records. The sources are similar to those named in the previous two paragraphs, and it is generally possible to identify the type of source from the form of the entry. For example, a marriage entry listing the occupation, residence and father of both the bride and groom usually comes from a marriage certificate. Some information about fathers occasionally comes from such sources. Where the original record does not indicate the spouse name, the name has usually been obtained from FreeBMD. Data on marriage banns come from church records.
Divorce data (indicated by "div") have occasionally been obtained from civil records.
Death data are preceded by "d" and burial data by "bur". The data on deaths have mostly been obtained from civil records and burials from church records. Records which state both a death date and a burial place have been obtained from memorial inscriptions (usually on headstones) or cemetery records. Some information about Australian fathers may come from their children's death certificate.
Censuses and other population returns
Census data are preceded by the year the census was taken. The possible years are 1841, 1851, ..., 1901 for the Census of England and Wales; 1860, 1870, 1880, 1885, 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930 for the US Federal Census; 1871, 1881, 1901, 1906 and 1911 for Canadian censuses; and 1921 and 1935 for Newfoundland. There are also a few entries from Australian State censuses for the period 1841-1848.
Other sources of information on where people were living at various times are early head counts for various purposes, trade and Post Office directories, and electoral rolls. These records are preceded by the date of publication of the relevant source.
In all these cases, the data are available elsewhere on this site and no explicit indication of source is given.